The researchers used data from the Norwegian HUNT study which was a very large population based study of adults over the age of 20.
The researchers said that their aim was to examine how combinations of modifiable lifestyle factors are associated with risk of adultonset autoimmune diabetes (Type 1.5) and to estimate the Population Attributable Risk (PAR) related to such factors.
What they discovered was that there is less risk of adult-onset autoimmune diabetes if a person’s BMI was 25 or less, they had regular physical activity, regular alcohol consumption and a feeling of psychosocial well-being.
The conclusion that the researches came to was that provided that these associations are causal, then the majority of adult-onset autoimmune diabetes cases are preventable by modifying common lifestyle factors and that the most important way to do this was to avoid having a BMI in the overweight range.
Citation: Rasouli B, Andersson T, Grill V, Midthjell K, Olsson L, et al. (2013) Adult- Onset Autoimmune Diabetes is Largely due to Modifiable Risk Factors: Results from the Norwegian HUNT Study. J Diabetes Metab 4:306. doi: 10.4172/2155-6156.1000306